THE RAISED ARTERIAL PRESSURE
HYPERTENSION/synonyms: the arterial hypertensia, raised -the disease, described increase of arterial pressure above 140/90 mm Hg. A column.
Hypertension/arterial Hypertension symptoms /widespread enough disease both among adult population, and among children. A hypertension/arterial /suffer 20 - 30 % of adult population. With the years prevalence increases and reaches 50 - 65 % at persons are more senior than 65 years.
The hypertension/arterial /happens two kinds: a primary and secondary Hypertension symptoms.
The primary hypertension is a disease independent, not connected with infringements of work of other bodies of a human body.
Secondary hypertension - increase of arterial pressure which arises not as independent disease and as a symptom of other illness, for example infringements of work of heart or kidneys.
Both the primary Hypertension symptoms and a secondary hypertension demand treatment as the reason of illness not always and is clear.
Hypertonic illness is subdivided into degrees depending on a level of pressure. Distinguish 3 degrees:
· I a degree at pressure of 140-159/90-99 mm hg In this degree arterial pressure "skips" - it can come back from time to time to normal parameters, then again rise above norm and so long enough time proceeds.
· II degree at pressure of 160-179/100-109 mm hg Increase of pressure more considerably, and the periods of remission come much less often, they are short.
· III degree at pressure 180 and above/110 and above mm hg Arterial pressure is stably raised, and its decrease means approach of intimate weakness that is rather dangerous signal more often.
In II and III degrees the Hypertension symptoms often becomes complicated an atherosclerosis, constant pains in the field of heart, intimate insufficiency, can be accompanied by attacks of an intimate asthma (especially at night) and propensity to a hypostasis of lungs. Patients also complain of undue fatiguability, headaches, dizzinesses, a nausea and a sleeplessness. Normal activity of kidneys is broken. There are changes of vessels of a retina of eyes, often there is a haemorrhage in a retina.
If a Hypertension symptoms to not treat actively in I a degree, it will by all means pass in II, and then and in III degree of the current. If you will persistently continue to pretend, that anything terrible does not occur and in this case, has put, most likely, " will end with a hypertonic crisis.
Hypertonic crisises at absence of correct treatment will repeat, that eventually can come to the end with a heart attack or an insult. Other result to the one who will not concern with full gravity to treatment of hypertonic illness, alas, to expect it is not necessary.
For diagnostics of the raised arterial pressure it is enough to fix at least three times the raised figures of arterial pressure received during various time on a background of quiet conditions, sick this day should not accept the means changing arterial pressure. Non-observance of last condition can lead to increase of arterial pressure:
· After reception of coffee on 11/5 mm hg,
· Alcohol - on 8/8 mm hg,
· After smoking - on 6/5 mm hg,
· At the overflown bladder - on 15/10 mm hg,
· At absence of a support for a hand - on 7/11 mm hg
NEWS and PUBLICITY
ALCOHOL The regular use of spirits, as is known, lifts a blood pressure, but the effect can depend substantially on age and levels of cholesterol in an organism of the person, has shown research of medical college Hyogo in Japan.
RAISED PRESSURE - Speak, that if at the person the raised pressure with the years it will raise, and it can live with it. And in general, while it you do not feel, all is normal...
HYPERTENSION The very first classification of a hypertension belongs to German doctor Frantsu Folhardu, which else in 1914 has started to subdivide it on red and pale. Here such then there was a primitive attitude to this artful illness.
ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION Arterial hypertension is artful that at an initial stage almost has no symptoms. The diagnosis is established at steady arterial pressure of 140/90 mm hg. Though doctors consider, that pressure of 130/80 mm hg already should be considered guarding