Hypertonic illness (primary arterial hypertensia) - the chronic disease, described propensity to increase of the arterial pressure, not connected with diseases of internal bodies.
The reasons of development of hypertonic illness Hypertension symptoms up to the end are not established, though separate parts of formation of this disease are well studied
For occurrence of hypertonic illness the combination of hereditary predisposition to disease and presence of such risk factors of hypertonic illness as nervously-emotional stresses, smoking, excess weight, an inactive way of life is necessary. Often hypertonic illness is combined with an atherosclerosis of vessels, ischemic illness of heart (Hypertension symptoms), a diabetes.
Clinical displays of hypertonic illness are various. Hypertensive persons the headache, dizziness, noise in ears disturbs, flashing of "front sights" before eyes, fast fatigue, bleedings, a stenocardia. At occurrence of the specified symptoms consultation of the doctor-cardiologist is necessary.
Frequently raised arterial pressure for many years remains asymptomatic. In it the main danger of hypertonic illness when the hypertension, as well as other cardiovascular diseases, leads to such dangerous complications as sharp infringement of brain blood circulation (Hypertension symptoms), a heart attack of a myocardium.
Hypertonic crisises - frequent satellites of hypertonic illness. The hypertonic crisis is characterized by sudden, uncharacteristic increase for the person of arterial pressure. During a crisis there is an expressed weakness, a strong headache, dizziness, a nausea, infringement of sight. The hypertonic crisis can be accompanied by an ischemia of a myocardium, a tachycardia, vibrating), intimate insufficiency (down to an intimate asthma). The hypertonic crisis demands urgent treatment.
For diagnostics of hypertonic illness Hypertension symptoms use measurement of arterial pressure. For acknowledgement of the diagnosis « hypertonic illness » is enough to receive twice figures of arterial pressure above than 140/80 mm Hg in a condition of physical and emotional rest. Sometimes there is « a hypertension of a white dressing gown », when presence of the medical worker - already stress. Therefore the control of arterial pressure is necessary for spending both on reception at the doctor, and in house conditions. For specification of a degree of an arterial hypertensia spend daily monitoring arterial pressure. Allocate three degrees of an arterial hypertensia:
· I degree.: 140/80 - 159/89. mm Hg
· II degree: 160/90 - 179/99 mm Hg
· III degree: the HELL above than 180/100 mm Hg
There is a classification of hypertonic illness on stages:
· I a stage - arterial pressure is raised, there are no attributes of defeat of internal bodies.
· II stage - arterial pressure is raised, there are attributes of involving in illness of heart, kidneys, a brain.
· III stage - heavy current of hypertonic illness Hypertension symptoms; the raised arterial pressure has led to development of a hypertonic crisis, cardiovascular complications - sharp infringement of brain blood circulation (Hypertension symptoms), a heart attack of a myocardium.
Hypertonic illness also subdivide depending on risk of cardiovascular complications.
· Risk 1 - low.
· Risk 2 - average
· Risk 3 - high
· Risk 4 - the highest.
The risk of development of cardiovascular complications increases at presence of ischemic illness of heart, attributes of a diabetes, an atherosclerosis, hypertonic crisises, adiposity.
Treatment of hypertonic illness is appointed by the doctor-therapist or the doctor-cardiologist. To treatment of a hypertension of initial stages apply not medicamentous means: a diet, improvement of a way of life, normalization of weight, and also sanatorium or physiotherapeutic treatment.
Medicamentous treatment of hypertonic illness Hypertension symptoms demands the obligatory medical control as « medicines for a hypertension » have a plenty of undesirable properties. can cause infringements of an exchange, propranolol,
At increase of arterial pressure it is necessary to consult urgently with the doctor: the therapist or the cardiologist. If there is no opportunity to get in a polyclinic, it is necessary to call a doctor on the house
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