Hypertension symptoms


Information about symptoms of hypertension, prevention and treatment of hypertension.
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What is the intracranial pressure?


The fabric of a brain is very gentle and sensitive to mechanical influences. Therefore the wise nature has placed a brain of the person in the protective liquid environment (liquid spaces) and has supplied with its internal liquid cavities. Thus, the brain is actually weighed in a special liquid - (it - a liquid or). is in a cavity of a skull under the certain pressure. Pressure on a brain also refers to as intracranial pressure.

The normal level of intracranial pressure is very important for state of health of the person. Therefore experts of our clinic pay the big attention to check and normalization of intracranial pressure at patients with neurologic problems.
Why intracranial pressure raises? A hydrocephaly - what is it?
All liquid spaces and are connected among themselves by channels. constantly circulates. In one departments of a brain it is allocated, and then flows on ликворным to channels in other departments of a brain where it is soaked up in a blood channel. Full updating occurs on the average 7 times day.
The superfluous congestion ликвора causes increase of its pressure upon substance of a brain. It also name increase of intracranial pressure (an intracranial Hypertension symptoms).
Three frequent reasons of chronic increase of intracranial pressure:
1. it is allocated too much;
2. it is insufficiently full soaked up;
3. Passableness of ways of circulation is broken.
Any of these reasons can become consequence:
The transferred craniocereberal trauma (even very old, down to a patrimonial trauma);
Meningitis or;
Congenital features of a structure of the central nervous system (anomaly , an intracranial Hypertension symptoms, etc.);
Infringements of outflow of venous blood from a cavity of a skull;
гипоксии;
Strong poisoning.
If intracranial pressure is raised essentially and long enough on time, liquid cavities of a brain can extend; this expansion name a hydrocephaly. As the cavity of a skull - the closed space, expansion of liquid cavities of a brain occurs due to due to reduction of weight of the most brain substance. It is clear, that this process can negatively affect on health.
The ?У-tomogram of a normal brain. Grey color represents substance of a brain, white - ликвор. The Normal amount of liquid spaces of a brain (they щелевидны). are visible inside of a brain. spaces - white кайма around of a brain.
 
оУ-tomograms at an intracranial hypertensia and a hydrocephaly. Result of insufficient treatment of the raised intracranial pressure. The superfluous congestion inside of a brain (in the form of the butterfly) and outside of a brain (wide white кайма) is visible. The volume of brain substance is reduced - an atrophy of a brain from pressure by a liquid.  

In our clinic the big attention is paid to search of original causes of increase of intracranial pressure, it allows to help reliably to patients a minimum of treatment.
Symptoms of increase of intracranial pressure.
The raised pressure upon substance of a brain is capable to break work of the central nervous system. From here and characteristic symptoms:
Weight in a head or the headaches, accrueing in the morning or in second half of night;
In heavy cases the nausea and-or vomiting in the mornings are possible;
Вегето-vascular dystonia (потливость, falling or increase of arterial pressure, palpitation, preunconscious conditions, etc.) - practically obligatory symptom;
Fatigue, "dullness", easy истощаемость at loadings on work or study;
Nervousness;
"Bruises" under gases (if to pull a leather under eyes in the field of "bruise" the expanded fine veins are visible);
Decrease in a sexual inclination, potentiality is possible;
If the body of the person is in horizontal position, ликвор is allocated more actively, and soaked up more slowly, therefore intracranial pressure and its symptoms have property to reach peak in second half of night or by the morning;
Intracranial pressure that above, than below pressure atmospheric, therefore deterioration of a condition happens is connected with weather changing.
The diagnosis of an intracranial Hypertension symptoms and hydrocephaly is established by experts of our clinic on the basis of characteristic symptoms and on the basis of the given special researches, down to a tomography of a brain.
What volume of inspection at suspicion on increase of intracranial pressure?
Directly to measure intracranial pressure it is possible only by introduction in liquid cavities of a skull or the channel of a special needle with the manometer connected by it. Therefore direct measurement of intracranial pressure in our clinic is not applied.
It is possible to speak about increase of intracranial pressure with confidence on the basis of following data:
Expansion, veins of an eye bottom - indirect, but a reliable attribute of increase of intracranial pressure;
Expansion of liquid cavities of a brain and underpressure of brain substance on edge a brain, clearly visible ata computer x-ray tomography (КТ) or a -resonant tomography (МРТ)
Infringement of outflow of venous blood from a cavity of the skull, established by means ofultrasonic vascular researches
How much the brain suffers from increase of intracranial pressure, it is possible to judge according to
The gold standard of tool inspection of patients of our clinic is an estimation of the symptoms, giventomographies of a brain and pictures of an eye bottom and (Echo-Эъ) gives indirect and not always authentic data about increase of intracranial pressure, it is less reliable, than КТ and МРТ, therefore this method is used by us seldom.
Intracranial pressure is raised. A hydrocephaly. What to do?
To live with the raised intracranial pressure and it is unpleasant and it is unhealthy. A brain of the person under influence of superfluous pressure it is normal cannot work, moreover, there is a slow atrophy of white brain substance, and it conducts to slow decrease in mental abilities, infringement of nervous regulation of work of internal bodies (hormonal infringements, an arterial hypertension, etc.). Therefore we take all measures to the prompt normalization of intracranial pressure.
In treatment of increase of intracranial pressure it is important to reduce allocation and to increase. It is traditionally accepted to appoint diuretic preparations with this purpose. However constant application of diuretic preparations is not always comprehensible to the patient.
Therefore in our clinic the methods of treatment directed on normalization of intracranial pressure without medicines are applied. It is special gymnastics for decrease in intracranial pressure (it is applied by the patient independently), an individual drinking mode and little changes in a feed, unloading of a venous channel of a head by means of special methods of soft manipulation.
Thus, steady decrease in intracranial pressure without constant reception of diuretic preparations then unpleasant symptoms gradually decrease is reached. The effect is swept usually up already on the first week of treatment.
What to do in very heavy cases?
In very heavy cases (for example, the block after operations or congenital ликворный the block) is applied surgical treatment. For example, трубок (shunts) the technology of implantation is developed for tap of surplus.
How to get in clinic? How many there is a treatment?
The clinic works daily, including Saturday days. To contact the secretary of clinic it is possible by phone ( (multichannel); to you will pick up day convenient for you and hour of visit to the doctor.
Our services are accessible at cost, frequent visits to the doctor it is not required.

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