Hypertonic illness (arterial hypertensia symptoms). Disease which is characterized by increase systol and diastol arterial pressure as a result of infringement regulation of a vascular tone with defeat of heart, a brain and kidneys. The arterial hypertensia can be primary (hypertonic illness) and secondary. The primary hypertensia is not consequence of any disease of internal bodies. Secondary - develops at disease of kidneys, andocrine bodies, coarctation aortas, etc.
Arterial pressure at the adult person of 140/90 mm hg, 160/95 and above - raised, between 140/90 mm hg and consider normal at a level 160/95 mm hg - boundary. Borders of normal arterial pressure are conditional. At people with for the first time revealed increase of arterial pressure it is expedient to measure it on both hands. The normal difference of arterial pressure on the right and left shoulder should not exceed 15 mm hg
The reasons of increase of arterial pressure - a psychological overstrain, age reorganization of structures of a brain (well-known, that at many women hypertonic illness arises during the climacteric period). The great value in development of illness has a heredity. Emotional loadings cause an overstrain of the basic nervous processes. As a result of it there is an infringement of normal mutual relations between a bark of a brain and the subcrustal centers. Thus activity of a hypophysis, kidneys, adrenal glands changes. Because of the specified infringements the tone of smooth muscles СЃС‚РµРЅРѕРє arteries amplifies, there is their spasm which causes increase of pressure of blood.
I a stage (easy) hypertonic illness - increase of arterial pressure up to 160/90 mm hg without organic changes of cardiovascular system. II stage (average) - increase Systol arterial pressure up to 180-200 mm hg, diastol - up to 105-115 mm hg, changes on eye day, absence of attributes of damage of other bodies reveal a hypertrophy left ventricle. III stage (heavy) - increase systol arterial pressure up to 200-230 mm hg and above, diastole - up to 115-130 mm hg, in pathological process heart (a heart attack of a myocardium), a brain (insult), kidneys are involved.
Patients complain of headaches which proceed within many hours, a nausea, vomiting, a shiver in a body, dizziness, the general weakness. Also there can be a noise in ears, flashing of "front sights" before eyes, palpitation. Often disturb pains in the field of heart (some patients do not test a pain). At hypertonic illness the increase left Р¶РµР»СѓРґРѕС‡РєР° due to its hypertrophy that leads to mixture of a top push to the left, and in late stages and downwards is marked. In late stages of hypertonic illness there can be infringements of brain blood circulation, as a rule, during hypertonic crisises.
Treatment. At the raised arterial pressure it is recommended to limit the use of table salt strictly. It is important to use enough of the products rich РєР°Р»РёРµРј that promotes deducing from an organism of surpluses of sodium and water and, means, to pressure decrease. For preventive maintenance of attacks of a hypertension it is necessary to consume the products rich with calcium and magnesium in enough. There are many medicines reducing arterial pressure. Make a choice of the necessary medicine the doctor can only. Self-treatment can lead to undesirable results.
Hypertonic crisis. Complication of hypertonic illness. The reasons leading development of a crisis, are various: the stress, change of weather conditions, superfluous consumption of table salt, etc. are often observed at patients with badly controllable arterial hypertension symptoms.
It is characterized by sharp increase of arterial pressure that does not depend on a degree of hypertonic illness. Duration of an attack can be from several minutes till several o'clock. Thus are marked an intensive headache, more often localized in occipital area, dizziness, noise in ears, weakness, flashing of "front sights" before eyes, are possible a nausea and vomiting. Usually sick are raised, restless, at them shiver finitenesses (tremor), the person reddens. At listening heart the tachycardia is found out. Arterial pressure raises. At some patients with late stages of hypertonic illness or at malignant forms the convulsive syndrome with loss of consciousness can be marked. Duration of such crisis - about several day. At patients infringements of memory, sight are possible, they are disoriented in space.
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