Hypertension symptoms


Information about symptoms of hypertension, prevention and treatment of hypertension.
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Influence of various factors on parameters of arterial pressure


Arterial pressure depends on many factors: time of day, a psychological condition of the person (at stress pressure raises), reception of various stimulating substances (coffee, tea, alcohol, etc.) or medicines raise pressure.

Proof increase of arterial pressure above 140/90 mm hg (an arterial hypertensia) or proof downturn of arterial pressure below 90/50 (an arterial hypotension) can be symptoms of various diseases (in the elementary case of a Hypertension symptoms and a hypotonia accordingly).

The arterial hypertension is, perhaps, one of the most widespread diseases of all cardiovascular system. A word "hypertension" designate stably raised arterial pressure. Increase of arterial pressure occurs when there is a narrowing arteries and-or their fineer branches - артериол. Arteries - the basic transport highways on which blood is delivered in all to a fabric of an organism. At some people артериолы are often narrowed, in the beginning because of a spasm, and after their gleam remains constantly narrowed owing to a thickening of a wall and then that the stream of blood has overcome these narrowings, work of heart and more blood amplifies is thrown out in a vascular channel. At such people, as a rule, the hypertension symptoms also develops. An arterial hypertension this chronic disease, accompanied proof increase of arterial pressure above admissible limits (систолическое pressure above 139 mm hg or (диастолическое pressure above 89 mm рт. Item).

In our country approximately 40 % of adult population have the raised level of arterial pressure. Thus know about presence at them diseases about 37 % of men and 58 % of women, and are treated - only 22 and 46 % from them. Properly supervise the arterial pressure only 5,7 % of men and 17,5 % of women.

Approximately the raised arterial pressure is caused in one of ten hypertensive persons defeat of any body. In these cases speak about a secondary or symptomatic hypertension. About 90 % of patients suffers primary or Hypertension symptoms. A reference point of the raised arterial pressure - at least, level three times registered by the doctor of 139/89 mm hg and more at the persons who are not accepting preparations for pressure decrease. It is important to note, that insignificant, even proof increase of arterial pressure does not mean presence of illness. If in this situation you do not have other risk factors and attributes of defeat of bodies-targets, a Hypertension symptoms at this stage potentially. However without your interest and participation to lower arterial pressure it is impossible. At once there is a question: whether it is necessary to concern to an arterial hypertension if I feel absolutely not bad seriously? On this question the unequivocal answer: yes.

90-95 % of cases АГ are made эссенциальная with an arterial Hypertension symptoms (hypertonic illness), in other cases diagnose secondary or symptomatic arterial hypertensia: почечные (нефрогенные, ренальные) 3-4 %, эндокринные 0,1-0,3 %, гемодинамические, neurologic, stressful, caused by reception of some substances and АГ pregnant women at whom increase of arterial pressure is one of many symptoms of the basic disease.

The hypertonic crisis grows out sharp infringement of mechanisms of regulation of arterial pressure, that in turn leads to strong increase of arterial pressure and frustration of blood circulation in internal bodies. During a hypertonic crisis symptoms of infringement of blood supply of a brain and heart are observed:

    * Increase of arterial pressure above 140/90 (up to 260/120)

    * Fatigue
    * the Sleeplessness
    * Headaches, especially in an occipital part
    * the Short wind
    * Pains in a breast
    * Neurologic infringements

The hypertonic crisis represents danger to patients with already existing illnesses of heart and a brain. In knocking over of a hypertonic crisis the doctor should be engaged. Complications of a hypertonic crisis: a hypostasis of lungs, a hypostasis of a brain.

One more terrible complication of an arterial Hypertension symptoms can be an insult (see corresponding section).

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