Hypertension symptoms

Information about symptoms of hypertension, prevention and treatment of hypertension.
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Arterial pressure. Hypertension symptoms

Arterial pressure

To understand, that such arterial pressure, let's understand all over again with some figures. It is known, that the total of blood in an organism makes 6 - 8 % from weight of a body. Applying simple calculation, it is possible to learn volume of blood from each person easily. So, at weight in 75 kgs the volume of blood makes 4,5 - 6 litres. And all it is concluded in system of vessels informed with each other. And so, at reduction of heart blood moves ahead on blood vessels, presses on a wall of arteries, and this pressure refers to arterial.

Arterial pressure promotes promotion of blood on vessels. Distinguish two parameters of arterial pressure:
§           the arterial pressure (GARDEN) named still "top" - reflects pressure in arteries which is created at reduction of heart and emission of blood in an arterial part of vascular system;
§           arterial pressure (hypertension symptoms), named still "bottom" - reflects pressure in arteries during the moment of a relaxation of heart during which there is its filling before following reduction. Both систолическое arterial pressure and диастолическое arterial pressure are measured in millimeters of a mercury column (mm hg).
How correctly to measure arterial pressure
To measure arterial pressure it is possible independently by means of special devices - so-called "tonometers". Measurement of arterial pressure in house conditions allows to receive the valuable additional information both at primary inspection of the patient, and at the further control of efficiency of treatment. Tonometers happen various: mechanical, semi-automatic and automatic.

At measurement of arterial pressure in house conditions it is possible to estimate it in various days in conditions of a daily life and to eliminate « effect of a white dressing gown ». Self-checking of arterial pressure disciplines the patient and improves adherence to treatment. Measurement of arterial pressure of the house helps to estimate more precisely efficiency of treatment and potentially to lower its cost. The important factor influencing quality of the independent control of arterial pressure, use of the devices corresponding the international standards of accuracy is Hypertension symptoms. It is not recommended to apply devices to measurement of arterial pressure on a finger or a wrist. It is necessary to adhere strictly to the instruction on measurement of arterial pressure at use of automatic electronic devices.

There are obligatory rules which are necessary for observing at measurement of arterial pressure:


Conditions. Measurement should be spent in a silent, quiet and convenient stop at comfortable temperature. You should sit next on a chair to a direct back with a table. The height of a table should be such that at measurement of arterial pressure the middle of the cuff imposed on a shoulder, was at a level of heart.

Preparation for measurement and duration of rest. It is necessary to measure arterial pressure through 1-2 ч after reception of food. During 1 ч before measurement it is not necessary to smoke or use coffee. On you there should not be hard, pressing clothes. The hand on which measurement of arterial pressure will be spent, should be naked. You should sit, leaning on a back of a chair, with the weakened, not crossed legs. It is not recommended to talk during carrying out of measurements as it can affect a level of arterial pressure. Measurement of arterial pressure should be spent after not less than 5 minutes of rest.

The size of a cuff. The width of a cuff should be sufficient. Use of a narrow or short cuff leads to essential false increase of arterial pressure.

Position of a cuff. Define fingers a pulsation of a humeral artery at a level of the middle of a shoulder. The middle of a cylinder of a cuff should be precisely above
Palpated artery Hypertension symptoms. The bottom edge of a cuff should be on 2,5 sm above an elbow pole (or above a brush). Density of imposing of a cuff: between a cuff and a surface of a shoulder of the patient should pass a finger.

How many to force? Definition of a maximum level of forcing of air in a cuff is necessary for exact definition систолического arterial pressure at the minimal discomfort for the patient, avoidance «Hypertension symptoms a failure »:
To define a pulsation of a beam artery, character and a rhythm of pulse;
Continuing to palpate a beam artery, quickly to pump up air in a cuff up to 60 mm hg, then to force on 10 mm hg before disappearance of a pulsation;
To blow off air from a cuff follows with a speed of 2 mm hg in a second. The level of arterial pressure at which again there is a pulse is registered;
Completely to dump air from a cuff. For definition of a level of the maximal forcing air in a cuff size the arterial pressure certain, increase by 30 mm hg

Position of a stethoscope. Fingers define a point of the maximal pulsation of a humeral artery which usually settles down at once above an elbow pole on an internal surface of a shoulder. The membrane of a stethoscope should adjoin to a surface of a shoulder densely completely. It is necessary to avoid too strong pressure a stethoscope, and also the head of a stethoscope should not concern cuffs or Hypertension symptoms.

Inflating and cuffs. Forcing of air up to a maximum level should be spent to a cuff quickly. Air from a cuff is let out with a speed of 2 mm hg in a second before occurrence of tones (« deaf impacts ») and further continue to let out with the same speed before full disappearance of sounds. The first sounds correspond to arterial pressure, disappearance of sounds (last sound) corresponds to arterial pressure.

Repeated measurements. Unitary obtained data are not true: it is necessary to spend repeated measurements of arterial pressure (three times with an interval 4-5 minutes, then the average size pays off). It is necessary to measure arterial pressure both on right, and on left hands. At record of the received data in a diary besides figures of arterial pressure it is necessary to mark pulse, time of measurement, sensation.

In the majority of medical institutions it is possible to put the daily monitor of arterial pressure. Daily monitoring of arterial pressure gives the important information on daily variability (fluctuations) of arterial pressure, allows to judge adequacy and uniformity of effect of medical products. Daily monitoring of arterial pressure assumes registration of arterial pressure with intervals of 15 mines in the afternoon and 30 mines in night. Rough normal values of arterial pressure make 135/85 mm hg, at night of 120/70 mm hg with a degree of decrease the HELL at night 10-20 % in the afternoon.


As well as any other somatic disease, a hypertension has the certain semiology of display. For an initial stage of a hypertensia dizzinesses without the visible reasons, and also infringements of a dream (a sleeplessness, uneasiness, discomfort) are characteristic periodically arising weakness, migraine headaches.

Except for arterial hypertension is at us and such not palatable illness, as a pulmonary hypertension. As the arterial hypertension in view of the mass character has got character of national disaster, it is included in the National program.

Last years levels of desease of a diabetes , adiposity and kidney illnesses have strongly increased alongside with increase in consumption of fructose, the majority of the aerated drinks applied at manufacturing.

Arterial hypertension is artful that at an initial stage almost has no symptoms. The diagnosis is established at steady arterial pressure of 140/90 mm hg. Though doctors consider, that pressure of 130/80 mm hg already should be considered guarding