Hypertension symptoms


Information about symptoms of hypertension, prevention and treatment of hypertension.
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The basic symptoms of a hypertension.


The arterial hypertension frequently in any way does not prove, for what this disease has received the name « the silent murderer ». It is connected by that very often person at all does not suspect, that at it the raised arterial pressure, and learns about it only at approach of its complications quite often fatal, such as an insult or a heart attack of a myocardium. Such asymptomatic display of a hypertension can last till several years and even tens years.
In some cases of display of an arterial hypertension headaches, dizziness, a short wind and infringement of sight include. It is necessary to note, that presence of semiology of an arterial hypertension is very good attribute, in comparison with its asymptomatic current as the patient learns about the disease and begins treatment.

Headache. Not simply so doctors at headaches recommend, to check up the arterial pressure, this method of diagnostics very simple, but at the same time very valuable. The headache at increase of arterial pressure is connected basically with narrowing vessels of soft fabrics of a head. The most typical attribute for an arterial hypertension the headache in a nape, and also in temples with sensation of palpation in them is considered.
Besides it can be felt and noise in ears which is connected with narrowing vessels of a hearing aid.
Doubling in opinion of and infringement of sight, for example, in the form of мурашек before eyes, is usually connected with narrowing vessels of an optic nerve, and also a retina. It at times can lead even to time blindness. Narrowing of vessels and infringement of a blood-groove serves as the reason for infringement of function of a retina of eyes at the raised arterial pressure.
The nausea and vomiting at a hypertonic crisis are connected with increase of intracranial pressure.
The short wind can testify to the ischemic phenomena in heart when infringement of a blood-groove in coronary arteries takes place.
In some cases at an arterial hypertension symptoms, can come (or as speak, hypertonic) a crisis. This condition at which sharp increase of arterial pressure is marked, more often in a combination to neurologic displays in the form of a strong headache, dizziness, doubling in opinion of. Besides at a crisis the nausea and even vomiting can be marked. It can be marked and a pain behind a brest that is connected with the ischemic phenomena in coronary arteries (we shall remind, that at increase of arterial pressure there is a narrowing arteries). Appearance of such patient can be characteristic, with a redness of integuments.
Hypertonic crisis.
The hypertonic crisis is a sudden increase of the arterial pressure, accompanied complaints and pathological changes from a brain and cardiovascular system on a background of vegetative infringements.
The hypertonic crisis can develop at any degree of an arterial hypertension or at a symptomatic arterial hypertension. The hypertonic crisis can sometimes arise and at the healthy person. a condition usually provoke:
·            psicho overloads
·            Weather changing
·            Abusing coffee, alcoholic drinks
·            Hormonal infringements
·            A cancelling before accepted Hypertension symptoms preparations
·            Diseases of a brain (insult), hearts (a heart attack of a myocardium, an attack of a stenocardia), kidneys.
Attributes of a hypertonic crisis:
·            The sudden beginning within several minutes or 1-3 hours
·            A level of arterial pressure individually high (at one patient it is a level 240/120, at another - 130/90). It depends on an initial level of arterial pressure. If at the patient constantly low level of pressure, even its small increase can cause a hypertonic crisis
·            Presence of complaints from heart (a pain in heart, palpitation)
·            Presence of complaints from a brain (headaches, dizzinesses, various infringements of sight)
·            Presence of complaints from vegetative nervous system (a fever, a shiver, потливость, feeling of a rush of blood to a head, feeling of shortage of air, etc.).
Hypertonic crisises subdivide on:
·            A hypertonic crisis with prevalence neurovegetation a syndrome. (Hypertension symptoms). Usually such crisis begins quickly, arises after stress, психоэмоциональной loadings. The patient has complaints to a pulsing headache, dizziness, a nausea, there is a vomiting less often. This condition is accompanied by feeling of fear and sensation of shortage of air. The patient can be raised, at it a shiver in hands, a fever, потливость. Such condition lasts not for long from 1 till 5 o'clock. Often after a crisis happens plentiful мочеиспускание. Usually such crisis of threat for a life does not represent.
·            A aqua-salt hypertonic crisis. It is caused renin-angiotensin- of system. It is that system which in norm supports a constancy of the internal environment of an organism of the person, in this case arterial pressure. There are complaints to a strong headache of constant character, a nausea and vomiting. Patients often languid, they are sometimes disoriented in space and time. Can forget what today day, to lose the way in familiar district. Various infringements of sight - doubling are possible in opinion of, "front sights" and spots before eyes, loss of sites of sight, can worsen hearing. Such condition can proceed about several day.
·            A sharp hypertonic encephalopathy. This grave condition caused by substantial increase of arterial pressure. Occurs because of infringement at the raised pressure of normal blood supply of a brain. At this condition confusion of consciousness, a spasm, passing infringements of speech is possible.

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