Hypertension symptoms


Information about symptoms of hypertension, prevention and treatment of hypertension.
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Hypertension, hypertonic illness


The hypertension, hypertonic illness can be shown by such symptoms, as dizzinesses, a nausea, weakness, headaches, pains in heart.
If you have noted symptoms of a hypertension, address to cardiologists МЦ "Capital". Skilfully picked up treatment will help you to forget about illness.
At suspicion on a hypertension we offer:
                Full cardiological inspection within two day;
                             The round-the-clock control over pressure and an electrocardiogram during inspection - the combined daily monitoring the HELL and an electrocardiogram on Холтеру;
                     Round-the-clock supervision over a condition of cardiovascular system of the patient by means of remote electrocardiograms and consultations of the cardiologist in a mode of real time - Round-the-clock кардиослужба
                     The advanced methods of treatment of a hypertension, hypertonic illness - methods applied in МЦ "Capital";
                     The account of all accompanying diseases, consultations of experts of any structure.

Arterial hypertension symptoms (or the arterial hypertensia, is synonyms), hypertonic illness - disease at which stably raised arterial pressure is observed. The word is "stably allocated not casually. Increase of arterial pressure is conceived by the nature as adaptive reaction of an organism to varying external and internal conditions (for example physical or emotional loading). BUT! Adjusting systems therefore arterial pressure comes back to norm correctly work for the healthy person. At infringement of activity of these systems arterial pressure can be constantly raised. In some cases the degree and duration of increase of arterial pressure can mismatch a level of loading (транзиторная an arterial hypertension). It can be broken and a normal daily rhythm of arterial pressure (insufficient pressure decrease at night - a night hypertension).
Arterial hypertension and hypertonic illness - where distinction?
Allocate a primary arterial hypertension (hypertonic illness) and a secondary arterial hypertension.
The secondary, symptomatic hypertension makes 5-10 % from all cases of an arterial hypertensia. At a secondary hypertension increase of arterial pressure is one of symptoms of the basic disease, its consequence. The symptomatic hypertension is characteristic for illnesses of kidneys (a pyelonephritis, гломерулонефрит, a stenosis почечной arteries), adrenal glands (феохромоцитома), a thyroid gland (тиреотоксикоз), some other diseases.
If obvious reason of an arterial hypertensia it is not revealed, and the raised pressure is - speak about primary, эссенциальной hypertensions (hypertonic illness) which makes about 90 % of all cases of an arterial hypertensia. In case of a primary hypertension increase of pressure is display дисбаланса the system correcting a level of arterial pressure in an organism.
Complications
Complications of an arterial hypertension are such жизнеугрожающие conditions, as a heart attack of a myocardium and an insult.
The arterial hypertension leads to defeat of all bodies and fabrics of an organism. But first of all the hypertension damages the vital bodies: heart, a brain, kidneys. They are named by "bodies-targets". Many years sick of an arterial hypertension can not know about the illness, not show complaints. Complaints appear when the structure and function of bodies is already broken.
Defeat of a brain at a hypertension can specify: dizzinesses, headaches, weariness, noise in ears, deterioration of sight, decrease in memory, etc. the Most terrible complication of hypertonic illness from a brain is an insult.
At involving in process of kidneys there is a fatigue, slackness, hypostases, loss of fiber with urine, develops почечная insufficiency.
Heart at an arterial hypertension works with the raised loading, it should be reduced more strongly, than in norm "to push" blood in the narrowed vessels. The thickening of a cardiac musle (a hypertrophy of a myocardium left желудочка) develops. However the vessels feeding heart (coronary arteries), cannot adequately provide with oxygen and nutrients разросшуюся a muscle, there is an oxygen starvation of a muscle hearts (ischemia). The ischemia of a myocardium leads to occurrence of attacks be a fan a brest (stenocardia), the risk of a heart attack sharply increases. If the raised arterial pressure is not normalized, process goes further. Heart "gets tired" to work with the raised loading, its walls start to be stretched, cavities to increase, there is an insufficiency of blood circulation.
High arterial pressure promotes fast progressing of an atherosclerosis, makes heavier its current.
Remember! Even at slight increase of arterial pressure (« a soft arterial hypertension ») serious complications - a heart attack or an insult can develop. The risk of complications of a hypertension depends not only on a degree of increase of arterial pressure, but also from a combination of risk factors.
Risk factors:
Risk factors - conditions at which the risk of heavy complications of an arterial hypertension considerably increases.
Changeable:
1.      A high level of cholesterol in blood
2.      Adiposity
3.      Smoking
4.      A degree of increase of arterial pressure
5.      Stress
6.      гиподинамия
7.      A diabetes
Unchangeable:
1.      Age
2.      The Heredity
3.      The Floor
Diagnostics:
It is enough for diagnostics of an arterial hypertension twice on reception at the doctor to fix the raised figures of arterial pressure.
Further during diagnostics it is necessary to exclude secondary character of an arterial hypertension that allows to confirm the diagnosis of hypertonic illness. For this purpose the doctor estimates a condition of bodies and the systems influencing increase of arterial pressure.
At carrying out of diagnostics the doctor should define risk factors of complications of an arterial hypertension and necessarily investigate a condition of bodies-targets (heart, a brain, kidneys, vessels).
The set of necessary researches for diagnostics of a kind of an arterial hypertension is defined by the doctor, after conversation and survey of the patient. However, there is a necessary diagnostic minimum which is recommended to any patient with the raised arterial pressure.
It: the general analysis wet, the biochemical analysis of blood (with definition of urea, креатинина, glucose, электролитного structure, the general cholesterol, cholesterol липопротеидов high density - ЛПВП, , a uric acid), an electrocardiogram, survey of vessels of an eye bottom.

NEWS and PUBLICITY

ALCOHOL
The regular use of spirits, as is known, lifts a blood pressure, but the effect can depend substantially on age and levels of cholesterol in an organism of the person, has shown research of medical college Hyogo in Japan.




hypertonic illness
The basic attribute of hypertonic illness ( Hypertension symptoms) is increase of arterial pressure owing to the raised pressure of muscles in walls of fine arteries.



HYPERTENSION
It is considered to be, that the HELL 120/80 - normal, and.. 110/60 optimum. or the primary Hypertension symptoms is observed approximately in 90 %, it means, that in overwhelming number of cases the reason of a Hypertension symptoms is unknown.



ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION
Arterial hypertension is artful that at an initial stage almost has no symptoms. The diagnosis is established at steady arterial pressure of 140/90 mm hg. Though doctors consider, that pressure of 130/80 mm hg already should be considered guarding